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 اختبار الفصل الإنجليزية

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مُساهمةموضوع: اختبار الفصل الإنجليزية    الجمعة مارس 25, 2011 5:10 pm



English Final Exam DEC,2008
Stream :3AS/SC

Part One :Reading and Interpreting (15pts)
Read the text and do the activities:

White- Collar Crime

The illegal acts committed by middle or upper class people in relation with their ordinary
occupational activities are called White-Collar Crime. This term, which has no legal significance,
was first popularized in 1940 by the American criminologist Edwin Sutherland in his classic paper
“White-Collar Criminality”. Sutherland argued that important sociological differences exist betw-
een conventional crimes such as burglary, and murder which are defined without reference to the
social status or occupation of the perpetrator, and white collar crimes such as fraud, embezzlement
income tax-evasion, misuse of public funds and abuse of political and legal powers. In general,the
latter committed by people of relatively higher social status, are intimately connected with the so-
cially approved occupation of the perpetrator, and are treated by the authorities more leniently than
are conventional crimes.
Historically, the chief sanctions against white-collar criminals have been the loss of position
and public trust, loss of a professional licence and the levying of fines. Rarely were jail sentences
imposed and served. A high rank individual implicated in criminal activity was viewed sufficiently
punished by the presumed loss of social esteem or occupational prospects, or both.
White-collar crime has become an increasing issue in the later part of the 20th century. Author-
ities in the United States ,in particular, are dealing with such crimes more severely because of the
growing feeling that an effort must be made to establish equality before the law for all citizens –
without regard to money, power or social status.
(Adapted from “English step by step)

1-Choose the answer that best completes the following statements:
A- White-Collar crime is a term which refers to: a-burglary and murder
b-bad behaviour
c- activities such as embezzlement.
B-White collar criminals are usually punished by: a-putting them in jail
b- the loss of their position
c- sending them into exile
2-Are these statements True or False :
a- White-collar crime covers the legal acts done by a lower-class citizen in exercising his job.
b-There are two types of crimes :conventional crime and white-collar crime.
c-The United States is dealing with white-collar crime less leniently.

3-Answer these questions according to the text:
a-Who popularized the term “White-Collar Crime” ?
b- Is fraud part of conventional crime ?
c-What are the main penalties inflected upon white-collar criminals ?
d- In which paragraph is it mentioned that white-collar crime is spreading sharply?
1/2

4-Find in the text words whose definitions follow:
a- crime of breaking into a house in order to steal § 1
b- use of money placed in one’s care for personal benefit §1
c- connected with work in office § 1

5-Combine the pairs of sentences using words in brackets, make the necessary changes:
a- White-collar crime has become a serious problem. The US authorities is dealing with it
severely ( so + adj + that )
b- The government regain the confidence of citizens. They fight bribery and nepotism .
(provided that)

6-Re-write the second sentence to mean the same as the first one:
a- The US authorities are dealing with the phenomenon with more severity .
b-The phenomenon ………………………………………………………….

7-Complete with the right quantifier:
………auditor is ………person who officially examines………business and financial
records of ………company.

8-Classify these words according to the pronunciation of the final “s”
acts- activities – crimes- differences- sanctions – prospects .

PART TWO: Written Expres​sion(5pts)
Choose ONE of the following topics:

1-Write a short public statement saying what you would do to fight corruption and fraud
if you were elected Head of State .

2-Some people argue that businessmen should apply their own personal ethical standards
when doing business .
Write a composition about your opinion about this topic, you may use the
following notes:
people’s opinion:
you need money to make money
the world of business is a jungle
respect of an ethical code may limit competition
your opinion:
business is a human activity
some business activities endanger the environment
business activities should have a code of good practice to ensure fairness .



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